GOAT OWNERSHIP PATTERN AND EFFECTS OF GOAT MORTALITY ON OWNERS IN GHANA

Authors

  • Febroina Afriyie ADU-BREDU School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana
  • Derrick Adu ASARE School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana
  • Ruth Auntie Afua FIADJOE School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana
  • Belinda Dogbe School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana
  • Obadiah OPOKU-BAMFOH School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana
  • Benjamin Obukowho EMIKPE School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Health Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), PMB, UST Post Office, Kumasi- Ghana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/sljbr.v14i2.6

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was employed to obtain data on goat ownership and the effects of goat mortality on some psychosocial and socio-economic determinants of goat owners in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Data was obtained using pretested questionnaires with a total of three hundred and eighty-four (384) goat owners randomly selected from the study area. Data collected included demographic information on the respondents, management practices, herd size, choice of the management system, sources of feed and stock, goat mortality as well as psychological and economic effects on goat owners. Results showed the majority of goat owners (83.3%) were males, and 77.1% were married. Most of the goat owners were between 18-25 years old (42.2%). Majority of the goat owners (63.3%) had primary-level education. Majority of the respondents (89.1%) had herd sizes varying between 1 and 10. Management system was mostly semi-intensive (95.8%). Sources of feed for goats varied from purchased feed (8.9%) and a combination of crop residue which are often purchased (91.1%). Most (99.5%) obtained their stock through purchase while 60.9% indicated frequent loss of goats. Goat mortality was mostly attributed to diseases by 67.5% of the goat owners. All of the goat owners indicated that goat mortality affects them economically whilst 95.57% indicated the death of their goats affects other people in their household. Despite the economic and social effects of the death of their goats, majority of the goat owners (95.57%) were not psychologically affected by the death of their goats. Conclusively, goat rearing in the Ashanti Region of Ghana is practiced by all age groups and gender, most of whom were literate. Management system was mostly semi-extensive due to its convenience in terms of labor and capital requirements. Goat mortality existed; however, the economic effects of goat mortality were strongly agreed upon by the goat owners as compared to the psychological effects. 

Keywords: Goat, flock size, management, socio-economic impact, Ghana

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Published

2023-12-10

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Original Articles